The MINUTE function in Excel is a useful tool that allows users to extract the minute value from a given time. It is a part of the time and date group of functions in Excel, which includes other functions such as HOUR, SECOND, and TODAY.

To use the MINUTE function, you need to enter the time in a cell and then use the MINUTE function to extract the minute value. The syntax for the MINUTE function is as follows:

MINUTE(time)

Where time is the time from which you want to extract the minute value. The time can be entered as a time value, a cell reference, or a text string that can be interpreted as a time.

For example, if you want to extract the minute value from the time 12:30 PM, you can enter the MINUTE function as follows:

=MINUTE(12:30 PM)

This will return the value 30, as it is the minute value of the time 12:30 PM. You can also use a cell reference to enter the time value, such as:

=MINUTE(A1)

Where A1 is the cell that contains the time value 12:30 PM.

The MINUTE function is particularly useful when you have a list of times and want to extract the minute value for each time. For example, if you have a list of times in column A, you can use the MINUTE function to extract the minute value for each time and place it in column B. To do this, you can use the following formula:

=MINUTE(A1)

Then, you can drag this formula down to the rest of the cells in column B to extract the minute values for all the times in column A.

The MINUTE function can also be used in combination with other functions, such as IF, to perform certain tasks based on the minute value. For example, if you want to check if the minute value of a given time is less than 30, you can use the following formula:

=IF(MINUTE(A1)<30, “Less than 30”, “More than 30”)

This formula will return “Less than 30” if the minute value of the time in cell A1 is less than 30, and “More than 30” if the minute value is more than 30.

The MINUTE function can also be used with dates, as Excel treats dates as numbers and stores them as the number of days since January 1st, 1900. When you use the MINUTE function with a date, it will return the minute value of the time 12:00 AM for that date. For example, if you enter the date “12/31/2022″ in cell A1 and use the MINUTE function as follows:

=MINUTE(A1)

It will return the value 0, as the minute value for 12:00 AM on December 31st, 2022 is 0.

One thing to note is that the MINUTE function only extracts the minute value and ignores the hour and second values. If you want to extract the hour and second values as well, you can use the HOUR and SECOND functions in combination with the MINUTE function. For example, you can use the following formula to extract the hour, minute, and second values for a given time:

=HOUR(A1)&”:”&MINUTE(A1)&”:”&SECOND(A1)

This formula will return the time in the format “hour:minute:second”, such as “12:30:00” for the time 12:30 PM.